A brief history of NFT development: looking for "treasures" from these "ashes" NFT projects

Published on 8/26/2021   762 views   0 Comments  

NFT -- a new asset class that changes the world

I collated this information to help people understand the origin of the NFT movement.

I apologize in advance for the length of this article. This article is intended as a useful reference document and is not suitable for leisurely reading.

I believe that we live in a unique period of emergence of a new asset class, which will fundamentally subvert the way our society operates and many elements of our way of life. In view of this, I believe that the earliest of these assets and the innovative projects that have created this new paradigm will be of great value. We have seen this dynamic begin to work. However, this article will provide some relevant information, but there are still some largely unknown and underestimated digital antiques.

Bitcoin (such as the early counter party Internet Protocol) played a very important role in the earliest NFT / token assets. Subsequently, the focus and activities of NFT shifted to the Ethereum chain. In view of this history, I divide the emergence period of NFT into what I call "the golden age of NFT" (2014-2016) and "the silver age of NFT" (after 2017).

In terms of the security, decentralization and longevity it provides, the importance of the history that these original assets were first tokenized on the bitcoin chain should not be ignored.

At present, trading these assets tokenized on bitcoin requires Counterparty Or on openseaโ€œEmblem VaultsProceed according to the. I think these temporary barriers to entry are now better for you - because it temporarily helps reduce broader market access. Therefore, those who are full of curiosity and tenacity will be rewarded before the emergence of an open and fully integrated chain agnostic market platform (currently under development). There will be sufficient market access and access to these early treasures. To help you navigate the learning curve in this area, I recommend these learning Forums:Rare Pepe Trading ClubAnd Official Counterparty Chatโ€Œ

The debate on NFT semantics misses the point

Some people are very concerned about the concept of what is "NFT" and what is not "NFT". But it doesn't need to be that complicated. The market's use of the term "NFT" has now developed and far exceeded its original technical definition as a non homogeneous 1 / 1 project. Instead, the term "NFT" is now used to refer to any verifiable scarce tokenized digital asset. The bottom line of this definition is that value will not be attributed to assets based on technical definitions. On the contrary, at the moment when a digital item can be tokenized to the chain and become verifiable and scarce - that is, the moment when supply and demand market forces begin to act and give value to the item. The market has voted with its feet and has well proved that the stupid debate about NFT semantics is meaningless now.

Factual statements and due recognition of early NFT projects

For the following reasons, I chose to provide a project schedule that overlaps with Rogers Adoption Curve:

a) It aims to illustrate my assessment of our starting time in this field and our major interests and needs in the future.

b) It aims to highlight how far some very early blockchain projects are actually ahead of this innovation curve.

I want to emphasize this point, because there is an unfortunate and inaccurate description in the market, ignoring some of the most important innovators and the most influential projects, which took the lead in opening up this NFT field. Specifically, there is a wrong view that this new movement of NFT began with cryptopunks.

The market is now beginning to realize that this is not the case, and there have been several innovative and influential projects before cryptopunks. Nevertheless, these facts do not weaken the historical significance and value of cryptopunks (I am a fan of cryptopunks, and cryptopunks is also included in my assets), but it is important that the earliest innovators and projects are also recognized for their role in this world changing technology

There are many people here, and I can't enumerate them here, but I would like to draw attention to shaban shaame and Joe Looney. Their early pioneering projects spells of Genesis and rare Pepes make them have an important position in history.

As described below, these two projects triggered a series of events and the subsequent NFT movement, which caused repercussions around the world and will eventually exceed most of our imagination.

Similarly, Etheria's pioneering work has long been overshadowed by this false narrative, and it is also worthy of trust and recognition. I have great respect for the early genius of Ethereum developers. He started the Etheria project only three months after Ethereum went online. I can only hope that the founders of the project can also realize that no one can and should not try to control the revolutionary decentralization technology used so quickly by the project. Etheria v1.1 and v1.2 are of historical significance and will always be valued and exist independently on the Ethereum blockchain.

The pioneering work of many others is also worthy of recognition, including Kevin McCoy (namecoin project, monegraph project), and of course Matt and John from larva labs (cryptopunks developer). They have created such an innovative and iconic project and have become representatives of the NFT market. These various early projects are not competitors. They are complementary and, together with the other technologies listed in this article, constitute a rich history of this world changing technology.

Similarly, these different antique assets did not compete for value, but jointly formed the early digital antique market. There is no limit to the supply of token assets in the future, but the scarcity of assets in the past has an iron hard top. The timeline depicted in this article will attempt to map these developments for you (including all those known at the time of writing).

be careful. I believe that the dark horse, which will further modify the historical narrative of NFT in the near future, will be an early achievement of namecoin. At present, the market still does not know much about it.

Bitcoin asset wallet (via counterparty)

If you are looking to purchase BTC / counterparty assets, you will need a compatible wallet or learn how problem vaults works on Ethereum. Here are instructions to guide you through this processMore informationโ€Œใ€‚

First, provide some important information about the content of this article. In this article:

a) I try to cover many aspects by keeping the information of each project to a minimum for quick reference. I certainly didn't delve into the depth required for these amazing early pioneering projects. I suggest you conduct further research to better understand and appreciate their rich history.

b) I have tried my best to provide as accurate information as possible, but I know that mistakes will inevitably occur. I may have missed some items. If so, I apologize in advance. It is important for me that an accurate historical narrative will be due to its due credit. If you find any errors / omissions, please let me know and I will edit as much as possible.

c) The information I provide is only my opinion, not financial advice. It is important that you conduct your own due diligence and draw your own conclusions.

d) I am a collector of antique token assets, and - fully disclosed - I do hold some of the assets described in this article because I believe in their value. However, rather than being a "sneaky" attempt, I just provide insights into the value evaluation framework I have applied for some time, as well as some additional information that can help you access these antique assets that are usually unknown to the market, or are difficult to find.

e) I try to provide some value to readers through the information provided, but I am not a trained expert in this field. I will always follow the expertise of Martin Lukas ostachowski, who has conducted extensive research, and I think he is the most important expert in the history of cryptographic art.

Project timeline

1. Colored coins (March 27, 2012)

Although color coins are not strictly NFT itself, they are widely regarded as the original idea of the early concept of NFT technology. This is a way to represent and manage real-world assets using bitcoin.

For more information, please refer to the white paper first released by Yoni Assia in March 2012.

Later, a more detailed article was publishedFollow up papersThe authors are Yoni Assia, vitalik buterin (before the birth of Ethereum), Lior Hakim and Meni Rosenfeld.

Sources and other useful links:




2. Test (January 13, 2014), Tester (January 19, 2014), thread (April 7, 2014), etc.

These are the first token assets in the form of titles on BTC using the Internet Protocol counterparty. At about the same time, a series of other titles were similarly tokenized. These early names do not have any further text, images / audio (etc.) associated with them.

Sources and other useful links:



3. Quantum (may 2014), blockheads (2014 โ€“ 2015), comicons (2014 โ€“ 2015), cryptoeggs (2014 โ€“ 2017)

Some contents about the domain name coin project are provided by @ earlynft

Few people in the market understand the importance and innovation of namecoin, because namecoin has the first NFT ever created. These NFTs are ancient "prehistoric" treasures, and there is no doubt that they will be widely known once they enter the open market.

Namecoin became the first hard bifurcation project of bitcoin in 2011. Namecoin was originally called bitdns. It is worth noting that it is the only other blockchain contributed and publicly supported by Nakamoto (and Gavin Andresen). This is recorded in detail on the bitcointalk forum. Namecoin's original goal was to free speech from censorship through a decentralized domain name system. Only in 2013-2014, a company named onename built a platform to use namecoin for their decentralized identity platform, thus creating the demand for avatars.

Today, namecoin is still one of the most decentralized chains in existence, because it adopts the way of bitcoin joint mining.


Quantum is considered the earliest encryption art NFT -- it was done on namecoin.

Kevin McCoy's original artwork was recently re monetized on Ethereum and sold at Sotheby's auction in June 2021 for $1.4 million. However, there are some major disputes about the sale.

The public was informed that the original "token" had been destroyed, so it was reissued on Ethereum. However, new information was found later, indicating that the original asset may just fail to renew (a function of namecoin) and be claimed by the new owner once it expires.

Therefore, this questions the effectiveness of the auction of re monetized quantum art. It is believed that at the time of writing this article, this problem has not been solved and has raised countless problems related to digital ownership in this new NFT paradigm.


https://video.foxbusiness.com/v/6258820256001#sp=show -clips



These are the earliest NFTs ever created and the earliest known PFPS (profile pictures), which are significantly earlier than the popular 2020 / 21 PFP movement. The purpose of creating blockheads is not to become a collection, but to be a unique avatar representation of namecoin as a personal digital identity token.

These patterns actually look very similar to the representative cryptochunks. Cryptopunks was released by larva labs in 2017, but given their amazing similarities, cryptopunks seems to be inspired by this earlier project cast on namecoin. Blockheads has a 4-bit design and a similar pixelated look.

Larva labs produced a total of 10000 cryptochunks, but in contrast, blockheads NFT estimates that only 35-45 exist. All blockheads exist in 1 / 1, and they may be modeled according to the popular pixel art characters in the minecraft world.


Comiccos avatar is a more modern avatar than the "typical" 2014 NFT. Comiccons NFT is the middle zone behind the old-fashioned pixel avatar cast in 2021 and the current super comics. Characters such as insane MOE and tallsam look more like garbage pail kids than real-world characters we may never know. The Avatar was created using the "faceyourmanga" program. The variability available to users of the program has a wide range of functions from which they can choose to best represent their appearance in digital space. By pairing the feature customizability of avatars with their "one of them", you will have a really rare set of NFTs.

Cryptoeggs (twitter egg)

These eggs were automatically released by twitter for new users between 2014 and 2017. They will appear in the position of the avatar until the user adds his own custom avatar. However, the problem arises that people become very fond of their colored eggs and continue to use them instead of replacing them with profile avatars. In order to solve this problem, these eggs were then abandoned and replaced by the more familiar and ordinary "shadow" avatars seen today. However, some people keep their original twitter eggs forever by tokenizing them on namecoin.

Approximately 200-220 cryptoeggs reside on namecoin and were cast between September 2014 and September 2015. From the most common to the rarest: purple, green, light orange, red, gray, dark orange, green blue, blue, neon green and light blue.

As we increasingly turn to new market platforms that are not related to the chain, it is expected that more antique namecoin assets will be available in the market. As an interim measure, it is currently working with emblemvault to make these assets available for sale in opensea.

Chain: namecoin (an early bitcoin bifurcation)

Current price:

Given that there is currently no active market and that all sales so far have been over-the-counter, it is difficult to assess the current price.

It is expected that namecoin NFT will soon be available through the EMC vault on opensea.

Markets where these assets can be purchased:

Contact me here for more informationinformationโ€Œ

Sources and other useful links:

Satoshi โ€” Bitcointalk

Namecoin token explorer

4. Olga (June 12, 2014 / 15), Nili coins (September 14, 2014), mysoul (November 21, 2014)

Nili coins

Artist Nili Lerner issued her Nili coin token to represent the proportional ownership of her works. For example. Recognizable i-coke tokens.


Artist Rhea Myers conceptualized her soul as a mysoul token on bitcoin (through the counter party platform).

Sources and other useful links:

YouTube โ€” JP Jansen talking about his OLGA

Early Evolution of Art on the Blockchain

NILI Coins


Ostachowski โ€” History of CryptoArt

5. Fdcard (March 11, 2015) and satoshicard (June 24, 2015) - spells of Genesis card

Fdcard can be said to be the historical Holy Grail of token assets, and it is extremely difficult to obtain. Fdcard is the first of many

It is the first tokenized asset in the spells of Genesis game; Since spells of Genesis is the first game to use blockchain, fdcard is actually the first token asset of all blockchain games... Ever.

In addition, one of the earliest examples of the art of token encryption (Artist: Alejandro Hurtado).

Founded by shaban shaame EverdreamSoftThe company uses the counter party platform to token a series of assets on the bitcoin blockchain for their game spells of Genesis, which is still active today. The original token assets are now highly sought after. These collections constitute historical relics, which have created this new asset category and the emergence of related industries and economies emerging from it.

On March 11, 2015, 300 fdcards were tokenized. They were initially distributed to the participants of the innovative foldingcoin project as a reward for contributing idle computing power and participating in the team work of Stanford University to find a cure for the disease. The card is distributed in segments (a function implemented by the counter party), so many recipients may only receive part of the fdcard. When "token assets" were not well understood in 2015, the nature of this early allocation method means that a large part of fdcards are likely to be left in the forgotten wallet and "lost" forever.

At about the same time, many other spells of Genesis assets were also tokenized, such as the highly respected satoshicard (June 24, 2015). Initially 1000 were issued, but then 800 were burned, leaving only 200 for collectors to find. Over the past five years, it is uncertain how many more have been left in abandoned wallets and lost forever, which will further reduce the available supply.

Satoshicard, the first meta cosmic asset in history, shows its embodiment in the Games spells of Genesis and sarutobi island

Incredibly, satoshicard is recognized as the first tokenized meta cosmic asset in history through the cooperation between spells of Genesis and sarutobiisland. The same asset / token is integrated into two games by two different developers, providing different utilities in each game. This is the humble birth of the meta universe and the first crack in the walled garden of the multi billion dollar game industry. With the passage of time and the continuous development of these concepts, the earth shaking significance of this innovation will become more widely known. I firmly believe that the degree of damage this technology has brought to the global game industry will eventually lead to its division into two times, before and after ownership. In the past, people invested a lot of money in games and assets, and then had to leave them on the game server when they were tired of games, which would confuse future generations.

The imminent subversion against this situation began with fdcard, satoshicard and other assets in the spells of Genesis game.

The game itself entered the testing stage in September 2016, and then released in May 2017, and has been active so far. Spells of Genesis released more than 400 blockchain assets between 2015 and 2019, all of which have different images, meanings and rarity. In order to increase the unique value of spells of Genesis assets, everdreamsoft made a visionary decision to include representatives of rich historical events in the whole early blockchain history into their token cards. Therefore, game assets and their related art works retain the historical narrative of this important period for future generations. Some examples include satoshilite - "the imitator", goxcard - "the steaming of mountain GOx", blocksizecd - "battle for block size", etherirumcard - "Sir of the ether", etc.

Chain: bitcoin (counterparty)


300 fdcards were cast, but it is believed that many of them were lost to inaccessible wallets due to unusual early distribution methods. At the time of writing, only 177 cards were intact.

A total of 1000 satoshicards were issued, and then 800 were burned, leaving only 200 for these elite antique collectors to compete for.

There are more than 300 spells of Genesis cards, with issues ranging from 200 to 3000, many of which date back to 2015.

Current price:


Given the rarity and importance of this asset, there is little market activity, so it is difficult to determine its floor price. The current minimum price of opensea is 462 eth.


Similarly, there is little market activity, so it is difficult to determine the reserve price. Opensea's current minimum price is 118 eth.

Other SOG cards:

Other cards in the series have a wide range of prices. These prices are different. Since these are the first batch of token collections and the first batch of blockchain game assets in history, I expect that spells of Genesis card will become one of the most popular digital assets for collectors in the near future.

Trading market





https://opensea.io/assets/emblem-vault-matic?search [resultModel]=ASSETS

Sources and other useful links:





6. Etheria v1.1 (October 29, 2015)


7. Etheria v1.2 (October 31, 2015)

The project is of great historical significance because it created the first irreplaceable token on the Ethereum chain (this honor was wrongly attributed to cryptopunks until recently). Etheria was launched only three months after Ethereum went online.

Etheria is also the first decentralized world in Ethereum and the first virtual real estate that can be owned by NFT (the first of many token virtual worlds and the first virtual real estate with a booming market in many games). In Etheria, players can own plots of land, cultivate them, acquire blocks, and build things - although this utility is seriously hampered by the high gas cost.

Etheria v1.0 is an early wrong contract and has no function of effective transaction.

Etheria v1.1 is the first NFT that can be owned and traded on Ethereum.

Etheria v1.2 was tokenized after 2 days with some minor changes, and its founders are further developing it.

The founder of Etheria had previously acknowledged that v1.1 was "the first third-party tradable NFT" on Ethereum, and v1.2 was "the official version of Etheria from which everything can flow"๏ผˆ 20/3/2021 Discord)

Unfortunately, there are other unhelpful statements about these assets, and some people try to reduce and suppress the value of v1.1. One can only assume that this ridicule may be due to concerns that v1.1 assets may be considered by the market to have higher value than v1.2, given that it is an earlier contract. However, it is natural that versions 1.1 and 1.2 have important historical value. Both exist independently on the Ethereum blockchain in the form of decentralization. Both can be owned and traded.

For Etheria v1.1, even if the Etheria founders no longer use these assets, any future developer can develop other visualizations, packaging and markets to interact with the contract. There are indications that work in this area may already be under way. Given the historical status of these unique assets, it is reasonable to assume that these assets will always be highly sought after.

Who knows, given its rarity and historical status, Ethereum may become the most expensive real estate (physical or digital) in the world?

Chain: Ethereum


Etheria v1.1 and V 1.2 consist of 420 NFT assets with different rarities, respectively. That is, the NFT of ice, mountain and island types is significantly rarer than that of hills, grassland and sand.

Current price:

Prices vary according to the location and nature of the land. At the time of writing, the reserve price of Etheria v1.1 was about 3.5 Eth and v1.2 was about 25 eth.

Trading market:


Useful links:


Ethereum Archaeology: Etheria v1.1 Tile Claiming | by Digital Oil | Medium


Decrypt Article about Etheria

An insightful synopsis of the v1.1 and v1.2 issues by Leonidas NFT

8. Sarutobi Island (May 6, 2016)

Sarutobi island game assets

A very early innovative game developed by Christian moss (@ mandelduck) turns asset tokens into bitcoin through counterparty. An earlier version of the game with certain features was released in August 2017. The game has been active (only available in some regions) but has not been completed. This is one of the earliest games containing blockchain assets after spells of Genesis.

Created 10 assets (some of which are integrated with the game spells of Genesis, which is considered the first instance of tokenized "metauniverse" game assets - satoshicard). Asset issuance ranges from 5000 to 21 million, but @ mandelduck recently said he would destroy a large number of assets to significantly reduce supply.

Chain:Bitcoin (via counter party)

Current price:

At present, there are too few antiques on the market to evaluate the purchase price.

Trading market:




OpenSea โ€” Emblem Vault

Related resources and useful links:



9. Force of will (August 12, 2016)

Force of will cards on BTC / counterparty

Force of will is a Japanese fantasy series centered on physical transaction card games and related stories. By 2016, fow had achieved great success. Cards sold well in more than 30 countries and ranked fourth in the game collection category of amateur channels in North America (second only to magic card and game king! TCG and Magic Baby TCG).

In September 2016, force of will released their cards on the bitcoin blockchain through the counter party as token assets and currency "willcoin". Originally intended to launch a game that could use assets, but the game was never completed.


There are 160 cards in this series.

Issue 1000 cards of each type, and then burn 500 cards of each type.

Chain: bitcoin (through counter party)

Current price:

It is difficult to determine the reserve price. There are too few assets entering the market to evaluate the purchase price at present.

Trading market:

https://opensea.io/assets/emblem-vault-matic?search [resultModel]=ASSETS




Related links:




10. Rare Pepes (September 9, 2016)

The importance of this project to the birth of encryption art cannot be overemphasized. This unique and innovative project largely defines the concept of token encryption art as we understand it today, and is considered to have given birth to the global encryption art movement. The rare Pepe project goes beyond the early personal experimental work of tokenizing art on namecoin and attracts and attracts the imagination of artists, enthusiasts and collectors communities around the world.

In addition, unlike spells of Genesis and other emerging projects, rare Pepe is the first to demonstrate the use of blockchain, so that the enthusiast community can simply create, own and trade art as "art" (i.e. not for games or any broader practical programs).

This project has such a rich history that it cannot be fairly explained in this short summary, so some resources are provided below for those who want to know more about this. In short, many early innovators (rare Pepe scientists) led by Joe Looney provided artists / individuals with the opportunity to submit "dank" Pepes for inclusion in the rare Pepe collection. These crowdsourced submissions were reviewed by "rare Pepe scientists", who took an easy way to plan the collection - accepting people who were "dank" enough and did not offend the peace loving values of the rare Pepe community. These rare Pepes are tokenized using the counter party platform and can be purchased through the user-friendly rare Pepe wallet. Many of the images on the rare Pepe cards draw on popular culture and provide cultural and / or political commentary (often ironic) on key historical moments.

There are more than 1700 rare Pepe in total, divided into 36 different series. The rarity of each card varies greatly, from only one series to hundreds of series cards, far more than any number I am familiar with (!). However, the center of the bell curve is near the issue level of 100-300, and some cards will also be significantly destroyed to reduce the number.

Some of the most valuable cards include Nakamoto rare Pepe (issue 300, series 1, card 1), the acclaimed lordkek (issue 10, series 1, card 34), djpepe's first audio-visual tokenized asset (issue 169, series 4, card 29), ufopepe is the first tokenized GIF (issue 800, series 1, card 37), Of course, there is homerpepe (1 release, series 2, card 32), which is considered by many as the "most important NFT in encryption art" history '. There are also various other 1 / 1 series and other rare Pepe cards.

Rare Pepe was also praised for hosting the first known live encryption art auction in January 2018. It is said that homerpepe was sold for $39800 in this auction, which ignited the first competition in the encryption art market and movement. Homerpepe was recently resold for $320000 in 2021.

Chain:Bitcoin (counterparty)

Current price:

The price varies greatly due to the rarity, creator, series, community emotion and historical significance of each rare Pepe card. Members of the rare Pepe community are currently exploring options to provide value assessment guidelines for buyers. In the meantime, you'd better go to dyor.

Purchase market:


(Note: this website requires pepecash or XCP to purchase rare Pepes. These currencies can usually be obtained through this distributor link or through a small number of cryptocurrency exchanges. More help is available here: https://t.me/Counterparty_ XCP๏ผ‰





https://opensea.io/assets/emblem-vault-matic?search [resultModel]=ASSETS


Additional resources and useful links:




11. Age of chains (October 30, 2016)

Age of chains collection

Age of chains is inspired by magic card: Party and hearthstone legend. It is a very early blockchain transaction card game with the background of interstellar cultural conflict in the coming billions of years. Players decide whether to defend the decentralized galaxy or join the corrupt Andromeda empire. This game provides a one-on-one player battle.

It seems that the game has not been discovered by the general market, but it is a very early innovative project, which contains some amazing works of art, which has been tokenized into cards for the game. The age and quality of these assets are likely to become highly sought after historical relics in the future.

chain: bitcoin (counterparty)


777 โ€“ 1000000 sheets

Guardiancard is the first in the series.

Purchase market:




https://freewallet.io/ย (the wallet can hold BTC / counterparty assets and access DEX)

OpenSea Emblem Vault

Sources and other useful links๏ผš




12. Bitgirls (December 20, 2016)

Bitgirls collection for voting

This is such an unusual and well hidden historical project and asset. Most people believe that NFT has been quietly away from "mainstream" websites until the recent wider media coverage and interest (2021).

However, in 2016 / 17, a Japanese TV program was broadcast in Tokyo and surrounding areas (14.3 million families), with young Japanese women as the protagonist. The weekly series is "bitgirls", and participants can use torekabu Nushi (transaction share card holder) to vote after each episode. Voting included asking girls to wear different clothes and change their standing posture in each performance. Every girl's performance on TV will affect her popularity, increase or decrease her token value, and affect the audience's trading behavior.

The new TV series includes a crowdfunding activity through which participants buy voting tokens. Investors can then trade bitgirls currency on the zaif exchange. This early innovative method is actually one of the earliest forms of ICO or governance token.

There are 26 bitgirls assets in total, and the supply of each asset is between 500-1000. Many of these assets remain in the original centralized wallet, and if someone can still access it, the future will be unknown. It is difficult to find these assets for sale, and it is almost impossible to know how many of them are still in circulation.

Chain: bitcoin (counterparty)

Current price:

There is not enough market awareness and activity to determine the value of the asset.

At the time of writing, the current floor price on opensea is 1 eth.

Purchase market:




Open Sea Emblem Vaults

Additional information and useful links:





13. Diecast Club Collection (February 3, 2017)

Diecast Club Collection

Collectable Diecast is a popular physical mini car model supplier for collectors. The company was founded in 1988 as a family business and was acquired by collectable brands in 2017.

The interesting history behind this is that everdreamsoft and collectable Diecast shared an office building in the early innovation period. After understanding each other's business, we agreed to try to transfer the interest of collectors from the traditional physical media to the digital field through the counterparty and tokenize them to the bitcoin blockchain.

There is no doubt that this innovation was very early in the market at that time, and the customer profile of Diecast collectables is not entirely composed of "digital aborigines". Therefore, the Diecast digital collection was created, but it didn't take off at that time.

However, these early digital treasures are still tokenized into the bitcoin blockchain and are now being excavated by smart collectors and digital art archaeologists. These Diecast collections are historic because they represent one of the earliest attempts to transform the field of perfect traditional collectors from physical assets to digital assets in this very early period.

To understand how early this innovation attempt is, it must be considered that these assets are even earlier than other very early innovations, such as curio cards, cryptopunks and cryptocats.

In order to draw attention to these assets and reward users, everdreamsoft collaborated with @ mandelduck and coordinated the innovative distribution of some of these assets with a treasure hunt application called Takara. In the new field of "airdrop" digital assets, unusual distribution and innovative methods have opened up new horizons.

Chain: bitcoin (counterparty)

Current price:

Diecast assets are rare and difficult to obtain. The market knows little about these treasures, and market activities are not enough to determine the value of assets. They came to auction several times, each for hundreds of dollars. At the time of this writing, you can use emblem vault to pay 42 eth on opensea to get the full set.

Purchase market:




OpenSea Emblem Vault

Additional resources and useful links:






14. Memorychain (April 8, 2017)

Memorychain is a Japanese user generated content collection designed to depict and commemorate major events, people or projects in the blockchain industry. Several artists and community telegrams planned and voted for the submitted works. It is difficult to obtain information about this early community and project. However, these amazing works of art bearing the history of blockchain are left as precious cultural relics of this period.

Chain: bitcoin (counterparty)


152 different cards, each with a different number of issues

Current price:

Limited market activity makes this difficult to assess. It can be accessed on opensea through emblem vaults recently, with a minimum price of 0.02eth

Purchase market:




OpenSea Emblem Vault

Related links:


15. Curio cards (9 may 2017) & amp; Ens domains (7 may 2017)

Curio Cards

Curio Cards

"Curio cards is an online art exhibition and permanent Gallery, which was launched on May 9, 2017. The goal of the project is to create a new model of digital art ownership using a distributed network called Ethereum - a model that allows the sale and collection of unique digital art works without reducing the income of artists.

Today, it is the oldest encryption art example on Ethereum, with 30 unique NFT card series from 7 different artists.

Curio cards are referenced in erc-721 EIP and have been developed and released before erc-721 NFT standard is proposed. Curio cards contain many functions and concepts contained in erc-721 and other NFT standards.

Recently, a wrapper has been developed to allow users to use their erc-20 curio cards and "package" them in the erc-1155 token contract for use in modern NFT markets such as opensea.


ENS Domains

Nick Johnson and Alex Van de Sande of Ethereum Foundation led the preliminary development of ENS domains. Ethereum domain name service (ENS) is "a distributed, open and scalable naming system based on Ethereum blockchain". The service has been provided for purposes such as operating like DNS / website domain and connecting to the owner's wallet address. ENS is considered by some as an early form of NFT. In 2019, they transferred to erc721 NFT token standard.

Chain: Ethereum


  • Curio Cards

30 kinds of assets, all with different circulation. See details here:https://gallery.curio.cards/

  • ENS Domains

No upper limit on quantity

For domain names of 5 characters or longer, the annual renewal fee is $5. The cost of four character names is $160 / year and that of three character names is $640 / year.

Purchase market:



ENS Domains



Resources and other useful links:






ENS Domains





16. Cryptochunks (June 22, 2017)

Cryptochunks captured the imagination of the NFT market

Needless to say, cryptopunks developed by larva labs has become the most familiar "face" in the NFT market.

"Cryptopunks are 10000 unique characters. No two are identical, and each can be officially owned by a person on the Ethereum blockchain. Initially, anyone who owned Ethereum wallets could receive them for free, but soon all 10000 were received. Now they have to buy from someone through a market embedded in the blockchain. " https://www.larvalabs.com/cryptopunks

Cryptochunks is considered to be the inspiration of erc721 standard, but it is actually an early standard. Cryptochunks are of high technical and cultural significance, and to a large extent inspired a large number of subsequent "PFP" (profile picture) projects.

Unfortunately, however, the claim that cryptopunks was the first NFT in history is wrong. This incorrect statement quickly attracted people's attention and overshadowed people's understanding of its previous early innovation projects. However, with the understanding of facts and history, the wider market is now beginning to realize this.

As mentioned above, no one disputes that Etheria is the first NFT on Ethereum, and it was created much earlier (nearly 2 years earlier). Even before that, namecoin hosted many NFTs and the earliest form of PFP (profile picture).

In addition, rareppes also predates the release of cryptopunks, which establishes a set of token assets from the community (including NFT only for each).

Rediscovering these facts will not reduce the value of cryptopunks in all aspects. On the contrary, it will only lead to additional value and credit, which will also be guided to other early innovations.

Chain: Ethereum

Current price:

As of press time, cryptopunks floor price is 52eth

Purchase market:



Additional links:


17. Digital zones (August 30, 2017)

Digital zones of immaterial pictorial sensitivity is an NFT art developed by Mitchell F. Chan and first cast in interaccess, Toronto on August 30, 2017.

"This work of art is not only because it is one of the first NFT works of art exhibited and cast in traditional art galleries, but also of great significance for imagining that NFT can promote the conceptualist project of separating goods from the form of empirical art works in 2017. It also discusses how this separation changes the relationship between collectors and art.

Digital zones tells the story of how different ownership concepts become the basis of the art experience. This work of Art - and the attached 33 page article - speculates that if at some time in the future, art is owned and traded through intangible blockchain tokens, the transformation of the form of art goods may also lead to the transformation of the material (or intangible) form of art. "


Chain: Ethereum

Current price:

As of press time, the floor price is 56eth

Trading market:


Related links:


18. Mooncat rescue (August 9, 2017)

Inspired by cryptopunks, mooncatrescue project is an early deployment project that can collect NFT on Ethereum blockchain. In fact, it is earlier than the famous cryptokitties project and cryptocats project. The project was developed by ponderware in 2017, was actually abandoned for several years, and then "rediscovered" in 2021.

It is understood that 25600 mooncats were "rescued" from the smart contract. Most of these occurred after rediscovery in 2021, but about 13% of mooncats were cast when the project was initially launched in 2017.

After the community rediscovered the project, official and unofficial "packages" were developed for mooncats, allowing them to hold and trade on erc-721 compliant platforms such as opensea. Recently, various rare accessories that can interact with mooncat contracts have also been deployed (only applicable to the official wrappers marked "official mooncats qualified" on opensea).

Chain: Ethereum

Current price:

Prices vary depending on mooncat properties. The price of Genesis mooncats (black or white cats) is significantly higher than that of other cats (80 eth +). Mooncats initially rescued in 2017 had a premium (1.2 eth +), while at the time of writing, the reserve price of other mooncats was about 0.45 eth.

Purchase link:




Other useful links:




19. Dada - creeps and weirdos (October 31, 2017)

Creeps & Weirdos is a collection of 100 unusual limited edition paintings produced by global artists on dada. The series has five degrees of scarcity, from ordinary to extremely rare paintings, with a total of 16000 digital assets.

The initial contract allocated 40% of the purchase directly to artists, which poses some challenges for the project to try to market on opensea with different policies.

Nevertheless, efforts are being made to enable these historical works of art to fully enter the market.

At present, the only works that can be purchased are "red faceless woman" and "blue cyber war".

All dada creeps and weirdo works are of historical significance, but for collectors whose casting date is important, it is important to check before purchase# All versions of 946 or lower were cast in 2017 / 18, while all higher versions were cast when the contract was rediscovered in March 2021.

Chain: Ethereum


100 pieces, 16000 assets in total

Current price:

It is difficult to determine before full market access. The reserve price of some works available on opensea is 1 eth.

Purchase market:

Dada Collectible Marketplace on OpenSea: Buy, sell, and explore digital assets

Other useful links:


https: https://discord.gg/j2QYg9xH//powerdada.medium.com/dada-is-everywhere-for-now-d6d4143bd9cd


20. Lunar plots (October 20, 2017)

This 2017 project is another historical and cultural treasure. Capture the slogan that can be found in every telegram chat between ICO and Shanzhai coins in 2017... "Wen moon?"

Lunar token is an early NFT project that allows users to buy real estate plots on the moon.

The lunar token team was inspired by countless "moon landing" memes - coupled with nostalgia for online star registration in the 1990s, and decided to establish the first decentralized real estate market. Start with 400 plots on the moon.

Cryptokitties is generally considered to be the first use of erc-721 standard on Ethereum blockchain. However, the lunar token project is earlier than this, and the contract is based on the early draft of erc-721 Ethereum proposal.

At that time, a lunar market was also launched, including an interactive 3D map containing images and laser depth maps collected by NASA Clementine mission in 1994

Shortly after the first 400 plots were claimed, the price of ether plummeted in 2017-2018. At this time, the team reported that "the moon then fell into darkness, was forgotten and offline for nearly four years".

The project was recently rediscovered and brought back to the market by many early collectors and enthusiasts.

Chain: Ethereum


400 plots

Current price:

As of press time, the floor price is 10eth

Purchase market:


Useful links:




21. Cryptocats (November 12, 2017)

The early NFT project on Ethereum was developed as part of the blockchain hacker marathon in November 2017.

"Crytocats is a cute 8-bit kitten on the Ethereum blockchain. Inspired by Matt and John of larva labs and their cryptopunk. Starting from the smallest MVP, the initial version was 12 cats, which was deployed to the main network on November 12, 2017. Users can get available cryptocats from the contract at that time. "

It was then expanded to a total of 625 cats.

These assets are important because of the early stages of the project and the limited number of assets available. Before the launch of the iconic cryptokitties project, these cats had actually been deployed to the Ethereum main network. However, before that, mooncats was recognized as the first cat on Ethereum (because it was obvious that the encryption community could not get enough cats).

Chain: Ethereum


First 12 cats

177 cats were released during the blockchain hacker marathon in November 2017.

436 cats were added in December 2017

Total = 625 cats

Current price:

As of press time, the floor price was 4.4eth

Purchase market:


Useful links:




22. Skara - the blade remains (November 22, 2017)

This is one of those antique treasures that were tokenized on the BTC blockchain and then forgotten. The creator obviously intended to develop a game that could use assets, but this never came true. According to the original data in 2017:

"Skara - the blade memories is a free game based on the fantasy world. It is currently available in the beta version of the PC, and the game has gathered about 300000 players. Skara is a rich world conceived by Creator Pablo Rodriguez. "

Given the timing, one can guess that the sudden bear market cold wind soon disrupted all plans.

Nevertheless, these assets are still early treasures, forged the day before the birth of Genesis cryptocat.

Chain: bitcoin (counterparty)


Twelve assets were created, each with 1000 versions.

Everdreamsoft recently burned 978 cards of each type, leaving only 22 cards of each type. Therefore, these have become a very rare and unusual group of retro assets.

Purchase link:


Other useful links:



23. Cryptokitties (November 23, 2017)

This is another project that hardly needs to be introduced. Cryptokitties is one of the earliest blockchain games in Ethereum, developed by Canadian studio dapper labs. The game allows players to buy, collect, breed and sell virtual cats and helps define the early NFT standard of erc721.

Cryptokitties is a truly historic game that inspires the imagination of the encryption community on the potential of blockchain digital collections. Due to the high level of activities in the game, Ethereum is in trouble in terms of speed, congestion and high cost, and the project has also received great attention. The high price paid by users to buy and raise kittens also made headlines at that time.

The game is still running and the new kittens continue to breed. The steady supply of new kittens may lead to a decline in the interest and value of collectors. However, there are still many kittens with rare attributes and creation kittens that retain important value.

Chain: Ethereum

Current price:

It varies with rare sex, age, reproduction speed, etc. At the time of writing, the minimum price of Genesis cat is 65 eth. The price of other cat floors is 0.004 eth.

Purchase link:



Other useful links:






24. Weicards (December 23, 2017)

Weicards is an early blockchain project that allows users to buy, lease and sell promotional cards on the website. The weicards home page is full of cards from 1 to 100. Each card consists of a descriptive title, a redirect URL, and an image set by the card owner.

Owners can choose to rent their weicards to someone at a fixed price and for a fixed period, sell them at a fixed price, and edit their card details.

Although weicards looks like an ordinary website, it is not a. It uses decentralized applications (dapps). The card is not loaded from the database (no hosting), but directly from the Ethereum blockchain. The blockchain is like a decentralized database. Everyone can see its status and cannot be tampered with by anyone. Once a user gets a card, it is written into the blockchain and always belongs to them. https://willdn.github.io/weicards/#/

Weicards are a particularly unusual asset and I think they will always be sought after historical relics.

Chain: Ethereum


100 cards available (less a fraction of expired contracts)

The reserve price at the time of writing this article is 5.5 eth.

There are a small number of defective weicard contracts on the website, so if the purchase price looks incredible - it may be. Given the age of the site, you will need to manually connect to your metamask wallet (settings available on metamask). If the gas fee seems very high, do not continue, because you are likely to interact with expired contracts.

Purchase link:

Weicards can only be purchased on the original website:https://willdn.github.io/weicards/#/

Other useful links:


Early historical discussions

25. Etherrocks (December 25, 2017)

Etherrock, launched in 2017, is one of the early encryption collection NFT projects on the Ethereum blockchain. Only 100 rocks of different colors can be obtained. The sale of rock is managed through Ethereum blockchain with decentralized smart contract.

The project was forgotten shortly after its launch until recently. The user quickly cast the remaining rock that is still available through the contract.

The website suggests that these stones can be bought and sold for no other purpose, "and makes you very proud to be the owner of one of the only 100 stones in the game:)". The developer recently said that he didn't make much effort in the production of rock pictures. He just built contracts and websites to practice using the solidity (Ethereum coding language) he was learning at that time.

It can be said that these very dull and useless rocks make the market crazy. At the time of writing this article, the price of rocks is more than $500000! In addition to being an antique project, there seems to be something very attractive to the cryptocurrency market. Being able to own one of these elite and expensive assets completely offends the sensitivity of the "former NFT" world.

Chain: Ethereum


100 rocks of different depths.

Current price:

As of press time, the floor price was 269eth

Purchase market:

Rock can only be purchased on the original website:https://etherrock.com/

However, the encapsulation tool is currently under development and will be deployed soon so that rock can also be traded on opensea.

Additional links:


26. After 2018 - various projects

From 2018, the number of assets and platforms began to increase significantly. I didn't list these projects with various early pioneer artists and developers because I inevitably missed some and didn't give enough recognition. However, in view of the popularity and importance of the following projects in expanding the adoption and interest of NFT technology, they will be provided as reference points in the timeline from 2018 / 19.

27. Axie infinity (February 2018)

28. Autogyphs (April 2019)

29. NBA top shot (July 2019)

These projects are well known and easy to study. The focus of this article is to provide information and insights related to digital antiques during the emergence of NFT from 2014 to early 2017.

Write at the end

Collecting these beautiful antique assets is a very interesting thing and brings a lot of happiness.

However, in addition to fun, it is also good for us to recognize that we are in a very unique period of emergence of asset classes that change the world. Therefore, the mindset of my collection is to ask myself "what NFTs are of historical significance so that their value will be anchored in companies that directly fluctuate beyond market fashion and outdated fantasies?"

Further... What would I do if I were to go back to the time when the first baseball card was released? Of course, I will collect as much as possible, because I will know the upcoming value.

The new digital asset class in front of us is far more important than baseball cards. It will have an impact on changing the world. The assets listed in the above schedule are the first of their kind, and I think they will be highly sought after as part of the broader digital antique market, which will continue to be traded (NFA) for many years to come. Therefore, now I believe that we have "surplus" very rare and historic NFTs, which will soon disperse. I expect their value and scarcity to increase significantly over time (I have introduced the framework I use to evaluate in more depth, and the long-term value of NFT is here).

I hope the information provided can help you make the right decisions as an NFT collector, which will bring great benefits to you, your family and your community. It is also hoped that the information provided will help to describe the emergence of NFT more accurately and help to ensure that early innovators who saw things and took action to build the space we enjoy now than any of us get due recognition

If you find any errors or omissions that need to be addressed, please comment or contact me. As more information appears, I will try to update this article.

I wish you a happy antique NFT Hunt:)

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